Between 1971 and 1985, Colchester was the scene of some of the largest archaeological digs in Britain. Major investigations have led to significant discoveries which have had a substantial impact on our understanding of the origins and development of town life in Britain. Nearly 200 buildings were examined in Colchester town centre ranging in date from barracks and other buildings of the legionary fortress to late medieval and post-medieval town houses. The discovery of the legionary fortress and of its conversion to make the Roman town was of fundamental importance. Of particular note too are a Roman church, the Butt Road Roman cemetery, sequences through the defences of the Claudian fortress, the Roman town, and the medieval town.
The results of excavations have been published as a major monograph series of twelve volumes called the Colchester Archaeological Reports. The volumes are thematic in content and include finds volumes which are proving useful sources of reference for researchers generally. The series also includes a volume devoted to Iron Age Camulodunum, in which the late Professor C.F.C. Hawkes describes his work in Colchester between 1932-1961 and provides an overview of the results in terms of political history.
The reports have been published with the aid of generous grants from English Heritage.
CAR 1: Aspects of Anglo-Saxon and Norman Colchester
by Philip Crummy (CBA Research Report 39), 1981,1995 ISBN 0 906780 06 3
Price: £9.00. 100 pages.
A wide-ranging survey of Colchester from the end of the Roman period until the 12th century. Reprinted in 1995 with hard covers and some footnotes to bring it up to date.
CAR 2: The Roman small finds from excavations in Colchester, 1971-9
by Nina Crummy, 1983, 1995.
ISBN 0 9503727 3 0
Price: £9.00. 192 pages, 3 microfiche.
Account of the Roman small finds from the excavations of the 1970s. Reprinted 1995.
CAR 3: Excavations at Lion Walk, Balkerne Lane, and Middleborough, Colchester, Essex
by Philip Crummy, 1984
ISBN 0 9503727 4 9
Price: £18.00. 236 pages, 5 microfiche, box of plans.
Accounts of major sites including the key one at Lion Walk which led to the discovery of the legionary fortress.
CAR 4: The coins from excavations in Colchester, 1971-9
by Nina Crummy (ed), 1987
ISBN 0 9503727 6 5
Price: £13.50. 120 pages, 3 microfiche.
Consists mainly of a comprehensive survey of the Roman coins from the town. Particularly valuable for Robert Kenyon’s evidence for a Claudian mint in Colchester.
CAR 5: The post-Roman small finds from excavations in Colchester, 1971-85
by Nina Crummy, 1988
ISBN 0 9503727 7 3
Price: £12.00. 112 pages, 2 microfiche.
The companion volume to Report 2 where the small finds are described and catalogued by function. Over 3,600 finds, 500 being illustrated.
CAR 6: Excavations at Culver Street, the Gilberd School, and miscellaneous sites in Colchester, 1971-85
by Philip Crummy, 1992
ISBN 0 9503727 9 X
Price: £39.00. 446 pages, 13 microfiche, box of plans.
An account of the major excavation at Culver Street plus reports on about 250 other sites.
CAR 7: Post-Roman pottery from excavations in Colchester, 1971-85
by John Cotter, 2001.
Price £32.50. 403 pages including six colour plates.
A comprehensive study of the pottery from Colchester from the early Anglo-Saxon period to the 17th century with special emphasis on local wares.
CAR 8: Roman vessel glass from excavations in Colchester, 1971-85
by H E M Cool and Jennifer Price, 1995
ISBN 0 897719 02 7
Price: £24.00. 268 pages, 2 microfiche.
An invaluable book for those wishing to study Roman glass.
CAR 9: Excavations of Roman and later cemeteries, churches and monastic sites in Colchester, 1971-88
by Nina Crummy, Philip Crummy, and Carl Crossan, 1993
ISBN 0 897719 01 9
Price: £30.00. 312 pages, 9 microfiche.
Significant book for the reports on the Roman Christian church and cemetery at Butt Road.
CAR 10: Roman pottery from excavations in Colchester 1971-86
by R P Symonds and S Wade (eds P Bidwell and A Croom), 1999.
ISBN 1 897719 97 8.
Price: £29.00. 526 pages plus CD ROM
A major study of Roman pottery which includes a revised type series for Colchester.
CAR 11: Camulodunum 2
by C F C Hawkes and Philip Crummy, 1995
ISBN 0 897719 03 5
Price: £10.00. 200 pages, large map.
The product of 60 years of research into the dykes and the associated settlement remains of Camulodunum. Posthumous publication of a major piece of work by the late Professor C F C Hawkes, one of Britain’s outstanding authorities on the Iron Age.
CAR 12: Animal bone from excavations in Colchester, 1971-85
by Rosemary Luff, 1993
ISBN 0 897719 00 0
Price: £10.00. 170 pages, 1 microfiche.
A detailed analysis and synthesis of the faunal remains from Colchester by an author drawing on her extensive work elsewhere in the region.
A complete set of all twelve volumes is now available at a special price of £160.00 plus carriage of £30 (£190.00 in total) – almost a third off full price.